FTP comes from File Transfer Protocol, a protocol for file transfer and is part of TCP / IP protocols. It is the set of rules that allows the transfer of files from one computer to another.
FTP is a powerful tool that allows a file to be transferred from computer A to computer B.
FTP works on the client / server principle. A client program allows the user to interact with a server in order to access information and services from the server.
Files that can be transferred are stored on special computers called FTP servers. An FTP client is used to access these files. This is an interface that allows the user to locate files and transfer them to their own computer.