The term website comes from the English expression web site and designates a group of multimedia web pages (containing texts, still images, animations, etc.), accessible on the Internet in principle to anyone, usually on a particular topic, and which are connected between they through so-called hyperlinks. The various websites can be created by an organization, a private person, public institutions, etc. The notion appears in Romanian language written in three forms (without an official position favoring any of them): site, site (as in English) and sait (proposed by linguist George Pruteanu).
Usually a website is managed (created, maintained and updated) by a so-called webmaster, but there are other possibilities:
At the beginning of the Internet each website is accessed by indicating its specific numeric address (IP address), eg. 155,284,317,027. Subsequently, for the websites, the domain names were introduced, which allow to indicate the respective address in a more convenient way, by words or names that are easy to remember, such as 'www.webinvent.ro'. Web site addresses must be clearly established, unique in the world and even guaranteed to the respective owner.
A website is usually made up of several web pages. A web page is a document created using HTML markup language and (optionally) programming languages such as PHP, ASP and so on. being accessible to visitors through the HTTP protocol, which transfers information from server to browser. The web page is called so because, displayed on a monitor, it looks like a newspaper page: usually web pages have a width that fits entirely on the screen. Instead, the page can be even higher (deeper) than the height of the screen, yet it can be easily displayed using the normal mouse and browser functions, by "dragging" up and down. Also, a web site can be viewed on any device connected to the Internet capable of displaying information through the HTTP protocol (some mobile phones, PDAs, etc.).
A multi-page site usually has a homepage or main page called a homepage, from which links to internal, secondary pages start. The structures and schemes of "navigation" within the websites are very different, depending on the purposes, desires and possibilities of the information provider. Usually this homepage is the home page of the site, which the web information provider makes publicly known as a starting point for the entire website.
Types of websites by content:
Websites can be classified by a lot of factors, but the main factor remains the subject of activity (or content) of the site. From a technological point of view a website can be made up of any kind of static data and information, discussion rooms, sales products and services, announcements, online fill-in forms, digitized sounds, videos, static and animated images, special effects. , dynamic menus and many, many more. Speaking at a higher level, the topic (theme) of a website can be: a so-called blog, web portal, web catalog, virtual store, bank, virtual university, library, virtual encyclopedia, web magazine, web newspaper and just about anything. something else. An example of a somewhat surprising website is CouchSurfing, a system of mediating private homes for hosting travelers interested in contacts with new individuals and new cultures.
If at first there was not too much emphasis on the aesthetic side, nowadays there is an increasing importance not only to the information content of a website, but also to its aesthetics, dynamics and attractiveness.
The notion of web standards is a general term for formal standards and other specific techniques that define and describe aspects of the World Wide Web. In recent years, the term has been frequently associated with the tendency to acquire standardized best practices for designing, building and developing web pages using these methods. The organization that coordinates these standards is the World Wide Web Consortium.